Medical Treatments for Hair Loss
A hereditary condition called female-pattern baldness or male-pattern baldness is the most common reason for hair loss in older adolescents and adults. Thinning of hair that starts before age 20 usually indicates a type of "pattern" baldness that is thought to be triggered by changing levels of specific sex hormones. Adolescence, pregnancy, menopause and testosterone loss in men due to aging are common causes of male or female pattern baldness.
Medical Conditions and Hair Loss
Certain medical conditions can induce hair loss in varying degrees. These include but are not limited to:
- Severe scalp infections (especially fungal infections like ringworm, candida or trichosporosis )
- Seborrheic dermatitis
- Alopecia areata
- Some forms of lupus
Hair loss may also occur from side effects of strong medications used to treat cancer, depression, arthritis and cardiovascular disease. Severe emotional or physical shocks, extreme weight loss and fever spikes have also been known to cause hair thinning or hair loss.
Propecia for Hair Loss
Male pattern hair loss on the anterior mid-scalp or vertex portion of the scalp is treated with Propecia, a medication that inhibits conversion of testosterone to DHT (dihydrotestosterone) in the body. Propecia is intended for use by men only.
Men diagnosed with male pattern baldness have higher than normal levels of DHT in the skin cells of their scalp, which thins and shortens existing hairs by a process called follicular miniaturization. Consequently, Propecia's ability to prevent conversion of testosterone to DHT lowers the amount of DHT in the scalp and stops hair loss or hair thinning. Additionally, Propecia promotes enlargement of hair follicles to produce thicker, fuller hair in some men, while others may experience less satisfactory results. Men who are interested in Propecia for male pattern baldness should talk to a dermatologist in Los Angeles to see if this medication is right for him.
Scalp Injections for Hair Loss
For cases of patchy, mild alopecia areata, cortisone (steroid) injections may be injected into patches where bare skin exists. Injections are given once a month over time to promote hair growth and patients typically experience little to no discomfort from these injections.
Hair Transplant Surgery
Hair transplant surgery involves transplanting hair from the sides and/or back of the scalp to bald or thinning areas normally found on the crown, top or front of the scalp. The transplanted hair should continue growing for the rest of the patient's life. Two kinds of hair transplant procedures are currently available: Follicular Unit Transplantation and Follicular Unit Extraction. FUT is the more traditional procedure that involves the removal of a thin strip of donor follicles that are then dissected into individual follicular units. FUE removes follicles individually from the scalp.
Are You Experiencing Hair Loss? Contact Drs. Goldman and Dubow in Los Angeles.
For more information about medical hair loss treatments, contact a dermatologist in Los Angeles who can diagnose your hair loss problem and prescribe appropriate treatment measures.
Category: Hair loss